History

Here you will find a brief history of the Borough of Mantoloking.  Additional information and pictures can be found in Mantoloking Through the Lens, which is available for sale at the Borough Hall and other locations. (place your mouse on the pictures to see captions).

Years show in square brackets indicate a major storm.

Frederick W. Downer started to buy land around 1875 with a New York lawyer, Frank

L. Hall, in the area today known as the Borough of Mantoloking, then part of the

Township of Brick. The Downers gave the land south of Lake Street, now the yacht club

driveway, to the Mantoloking Yacht Club, and the land for The Church of St. Simon-by-

the-Sea. Later Mrs. Downer gave the furnished rectory to the church. The family also

gave the land for the Mantoloking Water Company. No liquor may be sold on these

pieces of land. Through their love of the area, Mantoloking was developed and received its

name in 1881. According to Donald W. Becker’s book Indian Places in New Jersey,

Mantoloking translates into “frog ground,” with a secondary meaning of “sand place.”

According to Frederic R. Colie in An Exercise in Nostalgia, “When the acquisition of

the land was substantially complete, two corporations were formed, Seashore Land and

Seashore Improvement Companies, and titles put in the names of one or the other.”

Captain John Arnold, who came from Point Pleasant in about 1882 to be superintendent

of the Seashore Land Company and Seashore Improvement Company, was responsible for

the development of Mantoloking. In 1884 he built the Mantoloking bridge. He was

Mantoloking’s first postmaster, and it was for him that Arnold Street was named.

The railroad was built in 1881, the Mantoloking bridge in 1884, but there was no

road between Mantoloking and Bay Head until 1908. The road to the south stopped at the

Bay Head line, therefore the north end of Mantoloking was developed last. When the

bridge between Ocean Gate and Seaside Park burned on December 1, 1946, train service

was suspended. The tracks were removed in 1949 and the railroad land was returned to the

Seashore Land and Seashore Improvement Companies. When the land was sold after

World War II, major development began in the north end of Mantoloking.

St. Simon-by-the-Sea is said to be a copy of a Norwegian fishermen’s church and

became an Episcopal Church because the first minister, the Reverend Dr. Bishop, was an

Episcopalian. There is a Tiffany window over the altar in memory of the Reverend Dr.

Bishop.

In 1897 the Mantoloking Golf Club was started and golf was played with a red ball,

which was easier to see on the sand. The course ran from bay across the railroad tracks to

the sand dunes between Herbert Street and Downer Avenue. Later the name was changed

to the Mantoloking Golf and Yacht Club and then to the Mantoloking Yacht Club. The

Mantoloking Yacht Club is honored to have had ten Olympians.

In the early years Mantoloking was part of Brick and in 1911 became the Borough

Mantoloking. The Borough of Mantoloking will celebrate it’ s centennial in 2011.

Anne L. Benedict
Historian of Mantoloking